White Water

Whitewater is formed when the river's gradient changes sufficiently to produce enough turbulence to trap air within the water. This creates an unstable current that froths, making water opaque and white.

Whitewater can also be used to refer to any creek or river with a large number of rapids. This term can also be used to describe boating on rivers such as whitewater kayaking or whitewater canoeing.

You can reduce the dangers but not eliminate them by training, experience, scouting and the use of safety equipment (such personal flotation devices, helmets, throwropes) and other "spotters".

It is important to observe the rapids and inspect them before you run them. This will allow you to get familiar with the stream and anticipate any challenges. This is especially important in flood conditions, when the normal flow conditions have changed dramatically.

River bugs are inflatable crafts that can be used by one person. River bugging is done solely by feet, with no paddle.

Whitewater river running is a popular sport but it is not without risk. There is always the risk of drowning or hitting objects or getting hurt in fast-moving water. Whitewater accidents are often fatal. Each year, 50 people die in whitewater incidents in the United States.

C1s look similar to whitewater kayaks but are paddled in a low and kneeling position. They use a one-blade paddle that is usually shorter than a traditional canoe. The spraycover is the same as that used in kayaking. C1s can be retorted with an Eskimo roll, just like kayaks.

The McKenzie River dory, also known as "driftboat" by some, is a traditional "hard-sided" boat. The boat's design features a wide, flat bottom with flared sides and a pointed bow. There is also a rocker in the bow to allow it to spin around its center to maneuver in rapids.

Catarafts are made from the same materials used in rafts. They can be paddled or rowed using oars. Catarafts are typically constructed from two inflatable pontoons that are connected by a frame. Oar-propelled catarafts have their occupants sitting on frames that support seats. Practically all oar-powered catarafts can be operated by a boatman, with no passengers. Catarafts come in all sizes, but many are smaller and easier to maneuver than a regular raft.

For strength and durability, canoes are often made from fiberglass, kevlar or plastic. They can have a spraycover that resembles a kayak or an "open" design that resembles a typical canoe. This type of canoe is often called an "open boat". Whitewater canoes are paddled with one-bladed paddles and in a low, kneeling position. Open whitewater canoes are often equipped with large airbags or foam, sometimes 2-lb density Ethyl foam, attached to the sides to displace water from the boat in case it is swamped by big waves or holes. Water can also be drained from the boat by floating it on its side with the foam and bags. Whitewater canoes can be retorted with an Eskimo roll. However, this requires more skill than a canoe.

Springfield MO Dickerson Park Zoo
Contact Us

Contact Us Today!

The Top Rated Fencing Company in Missouri!